Chardonnay B
Name of vine variety in France
Chardonnay
Origin
This variety is originally from Bourgogne (Burgundy) and based on published genetic analyses, comes from the crossbreeding with Pinot and Gouais B
Synonymy
No synonym is officially recognized for this vine variety.In the European Union, Chardonnay B can officially be designated by other names: Chardoney (Bulgaria), Feinburgunder (Austria), Morillon (Austria), Pino shardone (Bulgaria) and Pinot Chardonnay (Cyprus).
Regulations
In France, Chardonnay B is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".This variety is likewise listed in the Catalogues of other European Union member states: Germany, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Spain, Great Britain, Greece, Italy, Hungary, Luxemburg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Czech Republic, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Sweden
Use
Wine grape variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2016
ha 7325 9805 13042 19869 33070 42017 53870
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tips of the young shoot have a sparse to moderate cover of flat-lying hairs,
- young leaves are green with bronze patches,
- herbaceous shoots with red colored internodes, - orbicular adult leaves, full or 5-lobed with slightly open petiolar sinus often limited by a vein near the petiolar point; short teeth compared to width, straight sides, slightly bubbled leaf blade with the underside sparsely covered with upright hairs,
- round-shaped berries
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 135 232 239 178 188 244 238 216 239
Allel 2 141 236 243 186 196 246 254 227 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period I, 1 and 1/2 weeks after Chasselas
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Chardonnay B is generally long pruned. However in areas with favorable climatic conditions for floral initiation, vines may also be pruned short.  This variety is suited to moderately fertile soils with dominant limestone or marly. In Mediterranean areas,  intense drought situations are to be avoided.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Chardonnay B is susceptible to powdery mildew and to grapevine yellows due to phytoplasma. On the other hand, it is not prone to downy mildew. At the end of maturation and under strong vigor situation, grey rot may cause substantial damage.
Technological potential
The grape clusters and berries are small. This variety has an extermely high potential for quality and is used to produce dry white wines, sparkling wines and even liqueur wines. The sugar content of the berries can reach high levels while maintaining high acidity levels. This is what enables the production of particularly well balanced, powerful and full bodied wine (rich and with volume). The typical aromas are  complex and intense (dried fruit, hazel nut, grilled flavor, exotic fruit, butter, etc). Chardonnay B is likewise suited to fermentation and barrel ageing.
Clonal selection in France
The thirty-one approved Chardonnay B clones carry the numbers 75, 76, 77, 78, 95, 96, 116, 117, 118, 119, 121, 122, 124, 125, 128, 130, 131, 132, 277, 352, 414, 415, 548, 549, 809, 1066, 1067, 1068, 1145, 1146 and 1147. A conservatory with over 340 clones has been set up in Saône-et-Loire in 1994.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi. - Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage. - Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier. - Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
75  Côte-d'Or  ENTAV  medium  medium to high  low to medium  
 1971  Bourgogne
Champagne
Languedoc
 medium      
 4.10 ha        balanced but neutral wines, diluted due to overproduction
Varying vigor and production depending on regions. Manage production for use in still wines. It can likewise be used for making sparkling wines.
76  Saône-et-Loire  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium to high  
 1971  Bourgogne
Champagne
Languedoc
Val-de-Loire
 low to medium  medium  medium  
 16.18 ha  low to medium      refined and very distinctive, aromatic and balanced wines
Clone appreciated for its steady production, its agronomic characteristics and the quality of wine produced. It can likewise be used for making sparkling wines.
77  Saône-et-Loire  ENTAV        
 1971          
         
Small distribution clone
78  Côte-d'Or  ENTAV  medium to high  high  low  
 1971  Bourgogne
Champagne
Val-de-Loire
 medium      
 4.44 ha        not very expressive with still wines
Productive clone, adapted to making sparkling wines.
95  Côte-d'Or  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium to high  
 1971  Bourgogne
Champagne
Languedoc
 low to medium  medium to high  low to medium  
 12.59 ha  low to medium      refined aromas, rich structure and balanced
Clone appreciated for its steady production, its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines produced. It can likewise be used for making sparkling wines.
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
96  Côte-d'Or  ENTAV  medium  medium to high  medium to high  
 1971  Bourgogne
Champagne
Languedoc
Val-de-Loire
 high  high  medium to high  
 28.30 ha  medium      crisp wines
Steady production, manage production for use with still wines. It can likewise be used for making sparkling wines.
116  Côte-d'Or  ENTAV        
 1971          
         
Small distribution clone
117  Côte-d'Or  ENTAV        
 1971          
         
Small distribution clone
118  Côte-d'Or  INRA  high  high  medium  
 1971  Bourgogne
Champagne
 medium      
 2.19 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Clone adapted to making sparkling wines.
119  Côte-d'Or  INRA  medium to high  medium to high  low to medium  
 1971  Bourgogne  medium      
 0.94 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
121  Côte-d'Or  INRA  medium  medium  medium  
 1971  Bourgogne
Champagne
 medium to high  medium  medium  
 3.42 ha  medium      aromatic, refined, distinctive and balanced wines
Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and quality of wines produced. It can likewise be used for making sparkling wines.
122  Côte-d'Or  INRA  medium  medium to high  medium  
 1971  Bourgogne
Languedoc
 high      
 0.56 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Clone adapted to making sparkling wines.
124  Côte-d'Or  INRA  high  high  low to medium  
 1971  Bourgogne
Champagne
 medium to high  medium to high  medium  
 5.82 ha        crisp wines
Manage production for its use with still wines. It can likewise be used for making sparkling wines.
125  Côte-d'Or  INRA  high  high  medium  
 1971  Bourgogne  medium      
         distinctive wines of the variety
128  Côte-d'Or  INRA  medium to high  medium to high  medium to high  
 1971  Bourgogne  medium to high      
 0.42 ha        distinctive wines of the variety
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
130  Côte-d'Or  INRA  medium to high  medium to high  medium  
 1971  Bourgogne
Champagne
Languedoc
 medium      
 4.09 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Clone adapted to making sparkling wines.
131  Côte-d'Or  INRA  medium  medium to high  medium to high  
 1971  Bourgogne
Champagne
 medium to high  medium  medium  
 4.02 ha  low to medium      crisp wines
Manage production for its use with still wines. This clone can likewise be used for making sparkling wines.
132  Côte-d'Or  INRA  high  high  low to medium  
 1971  Bourgogne
Champagne
 high      
 3.34 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Clone adapted to making sparkling wines.
277  Côte-d'Or  ENTAV  high  medium to high  medium  
 1973  Bourgogne
Val-de-Loire
 medium to high  medium to high  medium  
 9.21 ha  low to medium      balanced wines with mineral aromas
Varying vigor and production which needs to be managed to obtain sufficient quality level.
352  Côte-d'Or  ENTAV        
 1975          
         
Small distribution clone
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
414  Côte-d'Or  ENTAV        
 1976          
         
Small distribution clone
415  Côte-d'Or  ENTAV        
 1976          
         
Small distribution clone
548  Saône-et-Loire  ENTAV  medium  low  high  
 1978  Bourgogne  low  medium  medium to high  
 6.06 ha  medium      concentrated, balanced wines with complex aromas
Early maturity clone, appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of wines obtained.
549  Non précisée  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1978  Bourgogne  low to medium      
 0.10 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
809  Saône-et-Loire  ENTAV  medium  medium  high  
 1985  Bourgogne  low  medium  high  
 1.98 ha  low to medium      muscaté and refined wines with balanced structure
Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and quality of wines produced. Use with care based on sought after muscaté character
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1066  Côte-d'Or  ATVB - ENTAV  low to medium  very lower  high  
 2003  Bourgogne  very lower    low to medium  
   low to medium      refined, distinctive, aromatic and well-balanced wines
Small grape clusters with considerable millerandage. Early maturity clone, appreciated for its low production, its high sugar content and the quality of wines obtained. Use for blending and for high added value productions due to its low yields.
1067  Côte-d'Or  ATVB - ENTAV  low  low  high  
 2003  Bourgogne  low to medium    medium  
   medium      concentrated and balanced wines wih complex aromas
Early maturity clone, appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of wines obtained.
1068  Côte-d'Or  ATVB - ENTAV  low to medium  medium  high  
 2003  Bourgogne  low to medium    medium  
   medium      muscaté aromas (more subtle following MLF), refined, balanced structure
Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and quality of wines produced.
1145  Saône-et-Loire  CA71 - IFV  medium  medium to high  high  
 2010  Bourgogne  low to medium    low  
   low to medium  medium  medium to high  balanced wines with pronounced muscaté aromas
Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and quality of wines produced.
Use with care based on sought after muscaté character of the wine
1146  Saône-et-Loire  CA71 - IFV  medium to high  low  high  
 2010  Bourgogne  low    medium to low  
   low  medium  high  balanced wines with pronounced muscaté aromas
Moderate production level. Wines appreciated for their organoleptic characteristics
somewhat susceptible to millerandage
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1147  Saône-et-Loire  CA71 - IFV  medium  medium  high  
 2010  Bourgogne  low to medium    medium  
   low to medium  medium to low  medium  concentrated and well-balanced wines
Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and quality of wines produced
Somewhat susceptible to millerandage