Chambourcin N
Name of vine variety in France
Chambourcin
Origin
Based on genetic analyses, Chambourcin (an interspecific hybrid) would be the result of the crossbreeding between Joannes Seyve 11369 and Plantet.
Synonymy
In France, this variety can officially be called "26205 Joannès Seyve" regarding plant propagation material. There is no officially recognized synonym in the other countries of the European Union.
Regulations
In France, Chambourcin is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 64 1571 3363 1204 1803 948 516
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves with bronze spots,
- the slightly colored shoots,
- the circular or kidney-shaped adult leaves, entire or with three lobes, with shallow lateral sinuses, an open U or V-shaped petiole sinus, long teeth compared to their width at the base with convex sides or with one side convex and one side concave, slight anthocyanin coloration of veins, a moderate density of erect hairs of the petiole, a smooth slightly twisted leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect hairs,
- the round-shaped or slightly obloid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 236 239 182 188 260 240 251 239
Allel 2 143 242 251 186 194 262 254 257 249
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Chambourcin resists well to winter cold but is sensitive to chlorosis and drought. It is very vigorous with a horizontal bearing, can be pruned short but is sometimes susceptible to millerandage.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Chambourcin is not very affected by downy mildew and powdery mildew but is susceptible to phylloxera.
Technological potential
The bunches are medium to large and the berries are medium in size. This variety's sugar accumulation potential is good. Chambourcin produces colored wines of acceptable quality with the presence of diglucosid anthocyanins.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Chambourcin clone carries the number 1257.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 1. P. Galet, 1988, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1257  Hérault  IFV        
 2018