Centennial seedless B
Name of vine variety in France
Centennial seedless
Origin
This variety was obtained in 1966 by Harold P. Olmo (California) by crossbredding Gold and Q 25-6 (F2 Emperor x Sultana moscata B).
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Centennial seedless is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Spain, Italy and Portugal
Use
Table grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
2000 2008 2018
ha 2 10 8.8
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a low to meidum density of prostate hairs,
- the reddish young leaves,
- the wedge-shaped or circular adult leaves, with five, seven or more than seven lobes, a slightly open U-shaped petiole sinus, large and long teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides, a moderate to strong anthocyanin coloration of veins, an involute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, no or a very low density of prostate hairs and a low density of erect hairs,
- the narrow ellipsoid or occasionally curved berries, with a simple or slightly aromatic (muscat) flavor.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 133 234 239 176 188 248 238 216 263
Allel 2 133 236 239 191 188 256 254 235 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 2 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, 1 week and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Centennial seedless is very vigorous and has a semi-erect to horizontally bearing. It must be trellised and pruned long.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Centennial seedless is slightly susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potential
Centennial seedless's bunches are large to very large and moderately compact. The berries are seedless, large, with a fairly thin skin, a firm pulp and a very pleasant flavor. Leaf removal must be moderate as the berries are a little sensitive to browning. Under certain conditions, after harvest, the stalks shrivel quickly and the berries have a tendency to fall off. The grapes have a moderate storage and transport capacity.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Centennial seedless clone carries the number 1087
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1087  Non précisée  ENTAV        
 2004  Provence, Sud-Ouest        
         
Clone conforms to variety characteristics