Castets N
Name of vine variety in France
Castets
Origin
This variety is from the south west of France, more specifically from the right bank of the Garonne valley) and could originally be from Gironde (the area around Saint-Macaire).
Synonymy
No synonym is officially recognized in France, nor in other countries of the European Union.
Regulations
In France, Castets N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".
Use
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2016
ha 57 37 6 2 2.9
Description
Identification signs include:
- the young leaves are very bronze and orangish in color,
- adult leaves have a V-shaped open petiolar sinus, fairly shallow lateral sinuses, moderate length teeth compared to width, convex sides, very bubbled leaf blade, shiny and the underside with a slight coat of upright and flat-lying hairs,
- round-shaped berries with herbaceous flavor.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 234 239 172 188 246 248 227 239
Allel 2 149 236 243 186 188 248 248 233 239
Phenology
Bud burst: 14 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period II, 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Castets N is vigorous, not very fertile which must be long pruned. Bud burst is very late and it grows erect.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
This variety is somewhat sensitive to grey rot and especially powdery mildew. It is not very affected by downy mildew.
Technological potential
The grape clusters and moderate to large and the berries are small. This vine variety produces wines to be aged, very colored, relatively alcoholic but not very acid.
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Castets N clone carries the number 1126.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1126  Bouches-du-Rhône  IFV        
 2009          
         distinctive wines of the vine variety