Carmenère N
Name of vine variety in France
Carmenère
Origin
This variety is originally from the Bordeaux vineyards.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in other countries in the European Union
Regulations
In France, Carmenère N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".This variety is likewise listed in the Catalogues of other European Union member states: Bulgaria, Malta and Italy.
Use
Wine grape variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2016
ha 15 10 16 11 7 15 75
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tips of the young shoots are densely covered with flat-lying hairs. The shiny young leaves are revolute and are red-orange with bronze patches,
- the stamen threads are crumpled during flowering,
- shiny adult leaves, orbicular, lobes with a slightly overlapping petiolar sinus; lateral sinuses frequently with a tooth at the base; moderate size teeth with straight sides; slight anthocyanin coloration of veins, revolute leaf blade and the underside with a slight coat of upright and flat lying hairs,
- round-shaped berries
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 137 223 239 172 188 248 238 235 239
Allel 2 145 236 262 186 204 248 254 247 239
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas. Grape maturity: period II, 2 weeks after Chasselas
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas. Grape maturity: period II, 2 weeks after Chasselas
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Carmenère N appears not to be particularly susceptible to disease.
Technological potential
The grape clusters are small and the berries moderate in size. Carmenère N produces fairly rich, very colored, tannic (sometimes with some bitterness), but oftentimes lacking acidity. I terms of aroma, the vegatal character dominates, except in the case of good maturity.
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Carmenère N clone carries the number 1059.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1059  Gironde  CA 33 - ENTAV    medium  medium to high  medium
 2002  Bordelais      medium  medium
   low to medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
1235  Gironde  Pépinières Mercier - IFV  moyenne  moyen à inférieur  moyenne à supérieure  moyen à supérieur
 2017  Bordelais  moyen à inférieur  moyenne  moyenne  moyenne à supérieure
   inférieure à moyenne  moyenne à inférieure  supérieure  Vins aromatiques avec un bon équilibre général
Production régulière et inférieure à la moyenne avec grappes petites et aérées. Bonne résistance au Botrytis. Vins colorés, aromatiques et bonne structure tannique. Appréciés en dégustation