Carmenère N
Name of vine variety in France
Carmenère
Origin
This variety is originally from the Bordeaux vineyards. Based on genetic analyses carried out in Montpellier, it would be a descendant of Cabernet franc.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Carmenère is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Malta and Italy.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 15 10 16 11 7 15 78
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the shiny young leaves, that are revolute and red-orange with bronze spots,
- the stamen filaments are crumpled during flowering,
- the shiny circular adult leaves, with five lobes, lateral sinuses with often a tooth inside, a slightly overlapping petiole sinus, medium teeth with straight sides, slight anthocyanin coloration of veins, a revolute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 137 223 239 172 188 248 238 235 239
Allel 2 145 236 262 186 204 248 254 247 239
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks after Chasselas
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Carmenère is vigorous, not very fertile on basal buds, and must therefore be pruned long. This grape variety can be very susceptible to coulure if weather conditions are bad during flowering.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Carmenère does not seem particularly susceptible to diseases.
Technological potential
The bunches are small and the berries are medium in size. Carmenère produces fairly rich, very colored, tannic (sometimes with some bitterness) wines, but often they are lacking acidity. In terms of aroma, the herbaceous flavor dominates, unless if a proper maturity is reached.
Clonal selection in France
The two certified Carmenère clones carry the numbers 1059 and 1235. A conservatory of 3 clones was planted in the Bordeaux wine-growing region between 2011 and 2012.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1059  Gironde  CA 33 - ENTAV    medium  medium to high  medium
 2002  Bordelais      medium  medium
   low to medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
1235  Gironde  Pépinières Mercier - IFV  moyenne  moyen à inférieur  moyenne à supérieure  moyen à supérieur
 2017  Bordelais  moyen à inférieur  moyenne  moyenne  moyenne à supérieure
   inférieure à moyenne  moyenne à inférieure  supérieure  Vins aromatiques avec un bon équilibre général
Production régulière et inférieure à la moyenne avec grappes petites et aérées. Bonne résistance au Botrytis. Vins colorés, aromatiques et bonne structure tannique. Appréciés en dégustation