Carla N
Name of vine variety in France
Carla
Origin
This variety was obtained in 1958 by l’INRA by crossbreeding Cardinal Rg and Alphonse Lavallée N.
Synonymy
No synonym is officially recognized in France, nor in other countries of the European Union.
Regulations
In France, Carla N is officially listed in the  "Catalogue of vine varieties".
Use
Table grape variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
2016
ha 0
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tip of the young shoot has an absence or very slight coat of flat-lying hairs, 
- the young leaves are reddish colored,
- adult leaves are orbicular or wedge-shaped, 3 or 5 lobes with U-shaped base petiolar sinus, open to slightly open, short teeth with straight sides, moderate anthocyanin pigmentation of veins, smooth leaf blade, jagged and the underside with a sparse to moderate coat of upright hairs and an absence of flat-lying hairs, 
- short elliptical berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 133 234 249 176 186 252 254 243 271
Allel 2 133 236 255 182 204 256 254 267 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period I, same as Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Carla N is moderately vigorous with semi-erect growth. It must be trained and managed short pruned or moderate long pruning. It is not very susceptible to coulure and millerandage.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Carla N displays very low sensitivity to grey rot.
Technological potential
Carla N grape clusters are large. The berries are also large and seeded and are sometimes heterogenously colored. The skin is fairy thin and the pulp is firm. The flavor is slightly aromatic.
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Carla N clone carries the number 972.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages. P. Galet, 2000, Ed. Hachette, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
972    INRA        
 1990