Carignan N
Name of vine variety in France
Carignan
Origin
This variety is of Spanish origin (probably from the Aragon region).
Synonymy
No synonym is officially recognized in France for this variety.In the European Union Carignan N can be called by other names: Cariñena (Spain), Karinian (Bulgaria), Karignan (Bulgaria), Mazuela (Spain), Mazuelo (Spain) and Samso (Spain).
Regulations
In France, Carignan N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of Vine varieties".This variety is likewise listed in the catalogues of other European Union member states: Bulgaria, Cyprus, Spain, Greece, Malta and Portugal.
Use
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2016
ha 169712 211254 207103 176117 102317 73728 31724
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tip of the young shoot have a heavy coat of flat-lying hairs,
- the young leaves are shiny yellow,
- herbaceous shoot with red striped internodes,
- 5-lobed large size adult leaves with a slightly open or closed petiolar sinus with shallow to deep lateral sinuses, twisted leaf blade, very bubbled and the underside with a sparse coat of flat-lying hairs,
- berries are round-shaped or short elliptical shaped.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 223 239 178 186 252 240 247 249
Allel 2 143 225 239 182 188 260 254 257 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas. Grape maturity: period III, 4 and 1/2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Carignan N has horizoantal growth. this is a fertile vine variety which has a steady production, oftentimes substantial. It is easily trained and must be short-pruned (gobelet, cordon). Carignan N is well adapted to hot, dry and fairly poor soil regions (schist for example). It would also appear well adapted to windy areas. In terms of mineral absorption, Carignan N sometimes appears susceptible to potassium deficiency.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
This variety is relatively not susceptible to grey rot and very little susceptible to excoriosis. On the other hand, its tremendous susceptibility to powderym ildew an the leaves and grape clusters is well known. It is also susceptible to leaf hoppers and grillures.
Technological potential
The grape clusters and berries are moderate to large in size. Carignan N has moderate potential for sugar content and high color potential.  The tannins are however harsh, herbaceous, bitter and the wines produced lack fruit and suppleness. These charactertistics can be corrected using carbonic maceration. This is oftentimes linked to the age of the vines, the production conditions and the terroir.  In effect, in poor fertile conditions with adult vines and limited production, the wines obtained can be powerful and generous.
Clonal selection in France
The 25 approved Carignan N clones carry the numbers 6, 7, 8, 9, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 90, 151, 152, 153, 171, 178, 179, 270, 271, 272, 273, 274, 275, 276, 505 and 547. A conservatory containing close to 300 clones was set up in the Aude region in 1998.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
6  Gard  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  medium  
 1971  Languedoc  low to medium  high    
 5.73 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Somewhat irregular production. Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics
7  Gard  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1971  Languedoc  low      
 1.32 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Steady production. Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics
8  Gard  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1971  Languedoc  medium      
 0.38 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
9  Gard  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  medium to high  
 1971  Languedoc  medium      
 0.44 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics
62  Gard  ENTAV  high  high  low  
 1971  Languedoc  medium      
 1.20 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Steady production. Leaves with more lobes
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
63  Gard  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1971  Languedoc  medium      
 0.74 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
64  Gard  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1971  Languedoc  medium  high    
 0.55 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Steady production
65  Gard  ENTAV  low  low  high  
 1971  Languedoc  low  medium    
 0.55 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Somewhat irregular production. Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics
66  Gard  ENTAV  medium to high  medium to high  medium  
 1971  Languedoc  medium      
 0.82 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Somewhat irregular production
90  Gard  ENTAV  high  high  medium  
 1971  Languedoc  medium      
         distinctive wines of the vine variety
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
151  Aude  ENTAV  medium  high  medium  
 1972  Languedoc  high      
 1.94 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
152  Aude  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1972  Languedoc  medium      
         distinctive wines of the vine variety
153  Aude  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1972  Languedoc  medium      
 0.32 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
171  Gard  ENTAV  medium to high  medium to high  low to medium  
 1972  Languedoc  medium      
 4.15 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Steady production
178  Pyrénées-Orientales  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1972  Languedoc  low to medium      
 0.17 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
179  Aude  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1972  Languedoc  medium to high      
 0.10 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
270  Gard  ENTAV      medium  
 1973  Languedoc        
         distinctive wines of the vine variety
271  Gard  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1973  Languedoc  medium      
         distinctive wines of the vine variety
272  Gard  ENTAV  medium to high  medium  medium to high  
 1973  Languedoc  medium      
 0.21 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
273  Gard  ENTAV  medium to high  medium  medium  
 1973  Languedoc  medium      
         distinctive wines of the vine variety
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
274  Gard  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1973  Languedoc  low to medium      
 0.56 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics with an occasional somewhat irregular production
275  Gard  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  medium  
 1973  Languedoc  medium      
         distinctive wines of the vine variety
276  Gard  ENTAV  medium  medium to high  medium  
 1973  Languedoc  medium to high      
         distinctive wines of the vine variety
505  Hérault  ENTAV  medium  medium to high  medium  
 1976  Languedoc  medium to high      
         distinctive wines of the vine variety
547  Hérault  ENTAV  medium  medium to high  medium  
 1978  Languedoc  medium to high      
         distinctive wines of the vine variety