Cardinal Rg
Name of vine variety in France
Cardinal
Origin
This variety was obtained by E. Snyder and F. Harmon in California. Based on genetic analyses carried out in Montpellier, this variety would be be the result of the crossbreeding between Reine des vignes and Alphonse Lavallée.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Cardinal is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list. It is classified as a wine grape variety only in some French department (see the regulations in force). This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Austria, Bulgaria, Hungary, Italy, Portugal and Spain.
Use
Wine and table grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 344 1483 1205 774 380 227 100
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with no or very little prostate hairs,
- the young leaves are reddish or green with bronze spots,
- the shoots have very long internodes and very long tendrils,
- the wedge-shaped adult leaves, with five lobes, an open U-shaped or brace-shaped petiole sinus, medium teeth compared to their width at the base with straight or convex sides, slight or moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins, a smooth shiny leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, no or a very low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped or slightly bumpy berries, often containing 6 pips.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 133 223 249 176 186 252 254 243 251
Allel 2 133 234 249 182 186 256 254 267 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: very early season, 1 week before Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Cardinal has a strong vigor and a horizontal bearing. It can be pruned short and must be trained. It is susceptible to millerandage and coulure. Its berries are susceptible to bursting.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Cardinal is suceptible to the phomopsis and to downy mildew.
Technological potential
Cardinal's bunches are large, loose with a long and not very lignified peduncle. The berries are very large but irregular in color. The skin is moderately thick and the pulp is firm. This simple flavored variety displays interesting gustatory qualities. The grapes have moderate storage and a fairly good transport capacity.
Clonal selection in France
The eight certified Cardinal clones carry the numbers 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86 and 87. These different clones are mainly used for the production of table grapes.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
80  Gard  ENTAV        
 1971          
         
Small distribution clone with few available references
81  Gard  ENTAV        
 1971          
         
Small distribution clone with few available references
82  Gard  ENTAV        
 71          
         
Small distribution clone with few available references
83  Gard  ENTAV        
 1971          
         
Small distribution clone with few available references
84  Gard  ENTAV        
 1971          
         
Small distribution clone with few available references
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
85  Gard  ENTAV        
 1971          
         
Small distribution clone with few available references
86  Gard  ENTAV        
 1971          
         
Small distribution clone with few available references
87  Gard  ENTAV        
 1971          
         
Small distribution clone with few available references