Cardinal Rg
Name of vine variety in France
Cardinal
Origin
This variety was obtained by E. Snyder and F. Harmon in California. Based on genetic analyses carried out, this variety is derived from the crossbreeding of Reine des vignes B and Alphonse Lavallée N.
Synonymy
No synonym is officially recognized in France, nor in other countries of the European Union.
Regulations
In France, Cardinal Rg is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".This variety is likewise listed in the Catalogues of other European Union member states:
Austria, Bulgaria, Spain, Hungary, Italy and Portugal.
Use
Wine and table grape vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2016
ha 344 1483 1205 774 380 227 100
Description
Identificationsigns include:
- the tipp of the young shoots has an absence or a very slight coat of flat-lying hairs,
- the young leaves are reddish or green with bronze patches,
- the shoots have very long internodes and vert long tendrils,
- adult leaves are wedge-shaped, 5 lobes with an open U-shape or brace shaped  petiolar sinus, moderate size teeth compared to width at base, stright or convex sides, slight or moderate anthocyanin pigmentation of veins, smooth leaf blade, shiny and the underside with an absence or vert slight coat of upright and flat-lying hairs,
- round or slightly bumpy shaped berries oftentimes containing 6 pips.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 133 223 249 176 186 252 254 243 251
Allel 2 133 234 249 182 186 256 254 267 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early, 1 week before Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Cardinal Rg has strong vigor and grows horizontal. It can be managed short pruned and must be trained. It is susceptible to millerandage and coulure. Berries are susceptible to bursting.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Cardinal Rg is suceptible to excoriosis and downy mildew.
Technological potential
Cardinal Rg grape clusters are large, loose with a long and not very lignified stalk. The berries are very large but the coloring is irregular. The skin is moderately thick and the pulp is firm. This variety with its simple flavor displays interesting taste qualities. The grapes have moderate storage capacity and transport fairly well.
Clonal selection in France
The 8 approved Cardinal Rg clones carry the numbers 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86 andt 87. These different clones are mainly used for the production of table grapes.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
80  Gard  ENTAV        
 1971          
         
Small distribution clone with few available references
81  Gard  ENTAV        
 1971          
         
Small distribution clone with few available references
82  Gard  ENTAV        
 71          
         
Small distribution clone with few available references
83  Gard  ENTAV        
 1971          
         
Small distribution clone with few available references
84  Gard  ENTAV        
 1971          
         
Small distribution clone with few available references
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
85  Gard  ENTAV        
 1971          
         
Small distribution clone with few available references
86  Gard  ENTAV        
 1971          
         
Small distribution clone with few available references
87  Gard  ENTAV        
 1971          
         
Small distribution clone with few available references