Carcajolo N
Name of vine variety in France
Carcajolo
Origin
This vine variety can be found in the Mediterranean basin, notably in Spain and Portugal.
Synonymy
No synonym is officially recognized in France for thsi variety.
In the European Union, Carcajolo N can officially be called by other names: Caricagiola N (Italy) and Tinta Caiada (Portugal).
Regulations
In France, Carcajolo N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".
This variety ias likewise listed in the Catalogues of other members of the European Union: Italy and Portugal.
Use
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 2000 2008 2016
ha 67 1 1 22
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tip of the young shoots has a heavy coat of flat-lying hairs,
- the young leaves are yellow,
- adult leaves are pentagonal in shape, 3 or 5 lobes with a slightly to closed petiolar sinus, lateral sinuses with occasionally a tooth at the bottom, small teeth, long compared to width at base, straight sides, absence of anthocyanin pigmentation and the underside with a slight coat of flat-lying hairs,
- short elliptical-shaped berries with heavy bloom.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 219 239 176 186 252 240 243 239
Allel 2 131 236 239 186 188 262 254 257 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 3 days after Chasselas. Grape maturity: period II, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is vigorous, fairly productive and must be managed by short pruning.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Carcajolo N is not very susceptible to powdery mildew. On the other hand, it is susceptible to acid rot.
Technological potential
Grape clusters are moderate in size and the berries are large. The sugar accumulation potential of Carcajolo N is average. This vine variety produces very colored, light structure and moderately aromatic wines which are often rather rough and lacking in finesse and acidity. 
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Carcajolo N clone carries the number 946. A conservatory with 20 clones was set up in 2005 in vienyards in Corsica.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
946  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV        
 1990  Corse-du-Sud        
         
Clone conforms with vine variety characteristics.