Camaralet B
Name of vine variety in France
Camaralet
Origin
This variety originally comes from the Pyrénées.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Camaralet is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 4 2 2 1 8
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the young leaves with bronze spots,
- the adult leaves with five lobes, deep open U-shaped lateral sinuses with often a tooth inside, an open petiole sinus, no anthocyanin coloration, a flat leaf blade and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the slightly ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 229 243 178 188 246 240 227 239
Allel 2 149 234 249 186 200 260 254 233 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Given the fact this grape variety has female flowers, risks of coulure are very high and the yields extremely limited.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Thanks to its very loose bunches, Camaralet is usually verry little sensitive to grey rot, except when it is over-ripe.
Technological potential
This variety is renowned for the quality of its very fine wines (alcoholic, honeyed and ample) and their aromatic typicity (cinnamon, pepper, fennel).
Clonal selection in France
The two certified Camaralet clones carry the numbers 1023 and 1024. A conservatory of ten or so clones was planted in the Jurançon wine-growing region (French department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques).
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1023  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  ENTAV        
 1995  Sud-Ouest        
         
Small distribution clone
1024  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  ENTAV        
 1995  Sud-Ouest        
         
Small distribution clone