Brun argenté N
Name of vine variety in France
Brun argenté
This variety is originally from the south east of France.
In France, this variety can be called "Vaccarèse" regarding plant propagation material. There is no officially recognized synonym in the other countries of the European Union.
In France, Brun argenté is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 70 55 44 34 11 10 12
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a low density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the adult leaves with five lobes, a slightly open petiole sinus, long teeth compared to their width at the base with straight or convex sides, no or very slight anthocyanin coloration of veins, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium to high density of erect hairs, 
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Allel 1 131 223 243 176 188 248 238 247 239
Allel 2 141 223 249 178 200 256 266 267 249
Bud burst: 10 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Brun argenté is a fertile, late-season variety which must be pruned short. This variety should be planted in rather poor, hot and well exposed terroirs. It can be susceptible to millerandage.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Brun argenté is very susceptible to powdery mildew and grey rot.
Technological potential
The bunches and berries are very large. Brun argenté produces slightly or moderately colored wines with low alcoholic degree. Wines are balanced, with a complex aromatic profile (fruity and spicy notes).
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Brun argenté clone carries the number 1164. A conservatory of ten or so clones was planted in 2001 in the Côtes du Rhône. Selection work is currently underway in this conservatory.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1164  Vaucluse  SGVRCDR - IFV        
         distinctive wines of the vine variety