Bourboulenc B
Name of vine variety in France
Bourboulenc
Origin
This variety would appear to be originally from Provence.
Synonymy
In France, this variety can officially be called "Doucillon blanc" regarding plant material. There is no officially recognized synonym in the other countries of the European Union.
Regulations
In France, Bourboulenc is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 1279 703 373 723 771 661 509
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs, 
- the yellow young leaves with bronze spots,
- the pentagonal adult leaves, with three lobes, a petiole sinus with very overlapping lobes and often with a tooth on the edge, an elongated central lobe, short teeth compared to their width at the base, a blistered, matte leaf blade, wavy between the veins near the petiole sinus, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect and prostate hairs, 
- the ellipsoid berries with thick skin.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 182 186 246 240 233 255
Allel 2 131 223 239 186 196 252 248 257 255
Phenology
Bud burst: 4 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is moderately fertile. It must be pruned short and with sufficient training due to its semi-drooping bearing. Bourboulenc is well adapted to drought. Its maturation is slow and it needs to be grown in hot and well exposed areas in order to reach full maturity.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Bourboulenc is susceptible to powdery mildew but resists well against grey rot. .
Technological potential
The bunches are large and the berries are medium in size. Bourboulenc produces fine wines with low alcohol content and moderately intense in terms of aroma.
Clonal selection in France
The two certified Bourboulenc clones carry the numbers 541 and 1002.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
541  Vaucluse  ENTAV        
 1978  Languedoc        
         
Small distribution clones which conforms to the characteristics of the vine variety
1002  Vaucluse  ENTAV        
 1993  Languedoc        
         
Small distribution clones which conforms to the characteristics of the vine variety