Béclan N
Name of vine variety in France
Béclan N is a native variety from Franche-Comté.
In France this variety can officially be called "Petit Béclan N" for plant propagation material.
No synonym is officially recognized in the other countries of the European Union.
In France, Béclan N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1988 2008 2016
ha 15 12 9 0.3 0.15
Identification signs include:
- the tip of the young shoot has a sparse to moderate coat of flat-lying hairs,
- the young leaves are bronze or reddish in color,
- adult leaves are dark green, 3 or 5-lobed with an open petiolar sinus, moderate size teeth with convex or straight sides, an absence or slight anthocyanin pigmentation of veins, a flat or upturned leaf blade with an underside with a slight or very slight coat of upright hairs,
- round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Allel 1 131 225 239 182 194 246 240 233 239
Allel 2 149 234 253 186 200 252 248 267 239
Bud burst: 1 day after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period II, 2 to 2 and 1/2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Béclan N is a moderatly vigorous variety, fairly fertile with semi to horizontal growth.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Béclan N is susceptible to downy mildew. It is less affected by powdery mildew and grey rot.
Technological potential
Grape clusters are small and compact and the berries are small. Béclan N produces light, shiny and lively wines but with a low degree of alcohol.
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Béclan N clone carries the number 1144.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1144  Jura  IFV        
         distinctive wines of the vine variety