Arrufiac B
Name of vine variety in France
Arrufiac
Origin
Arrufiac is a native variety from the south west of France (Adour valley).
Synonymy
In France, this variety can officially be called "Arrufiat" regarding plant propagation material. No synonym is offically recognized in the other countries of the European Union.
Regulations
In France, Arrufiac is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 271 178 99 119 93 31
Description
The identification is based on:
- the green young leaves with slightly bronze spots,
- the shoots with red or red striped internodes,
- the adult leaves with U-shaped deep lateral sinuses with a fairly frequet tooth inside, with often naked petiole veins, a strong anthocyanin coloration of veins and petioles, a blistered, undulate leaf blade and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of prostate hairs,
- the conical-shaped grape clusters, a little compact,
- the round-shaped or slightly ovoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 249 176 200 256 240 233 239
Allel 2 141 229 262 178 204 260 254 233 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety has good vigor. Its fertility is generally good but can be irregular. It can sometimes be susceptible to millerandage.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Arrufiac is rather susceptible to downy mildew and black rot.
Technological potential
The bunches are large and the berries small with thick skin. This variety has an interesting qualitative potential, particularly regarding its aromas and its typicity.
Clonal selection in France
The five certified Arrufiac clones carry the numbers 405, 652, 653, 921 and 922. Two conservatories were set up in 1996 and 1997 in the French departments of Gers and Hautes-Pyrénées to preserve approximately 150 clones.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
405  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  ENTAV  medium  low  medium to high  
 1976  Sud-Ouest  low to medium  medium to high  medium  
   low to medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
Susceptible to shot berries
652  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1980  Sud-Ouest  medium  medium  medium  
 0.40 ha  medium      fine wines, distinctive of the vine variety
Later maturity clone
653  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  ENTAV  medium  low  medium to high  
 1980  Sud-Ouest  low to medium  medium to high  medium  
   low to medium      Distinctive wines of the vine variety
Susceptible to shot berries
921  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1988  Sud-Ouest  medium  medium  medium  
 0.19 ha  medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
922  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  ENTAV  medium  medium to high  low to medium  
 1988  Sud-Ouest  medium to high  medium  medium  
   high      fine wines, distinctive of the vine variety
Later maturity clone