Arrufiac B
Name of vine variety in France
Arrufiac
Origin
Arrufiac B is a native vine variety from the South west of France (Adour valley).
Synonymy
In France, this variety may officially be called "Arrufiat B" for plant propagating material.No synonym is offically recognized in other countries in the European Union.
Regulations
In France, Arrufiac B is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".
Use
Wine grape variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1988 2000 2008 2016
ha 271 178 99 119 93 35
Description
Identification signs include:
- young leaves are green with slightly bronze patches,
- Herbaceous shoots have red or red striped internodes,
- adult leaves have a petiolar sinus with a base oftentimes limited by the vein near the petiolar point; U-shaped deep lateral sinuses  with frequently a tooth at the base, heavy anthocyanin pigmentation of veins and petioles, a bubbled and wavy leaf blade and the underside with a slight coat of flat-lying hairs, 
- conical-shaped grape clusters, a little compact,
- round-shaped or slightly ovoid-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 249 176 200 256 240 233 239
Allel 2 141 229 262 178 204 260 254 233 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period III, 4 and 1/2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety has good vigor. Its fertility is generally good but can be irregular. It can sometimes be susceptible to millerandage.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Arrufiac B is rather susceptible to downy mildew and black rot.
Technological potential
Grape clusters are large and the berries small with thick skins. This variety has interesting potential qualities, particularly with regard to its aromas and its characteristic nature.
Clonal selection in France
The 5 approved Arrufiac B clones carry the numbers 405, 652, 653, 921 and 922.
Two conservatories were set up in 1996 and 1997 in Gers and Hautes-Pyrénées to preserve approximately 150 clones.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1901-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
405  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  ENTAV  medium  low  medium to high  
 1976  Sud-Ouest  low to medium  medium to high  medium  
   low to medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
Susceptible to shot berries
652  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1980  Sud-Ouest  medium  medium  medium  
 0.40 ha  medium      fine wines, distinctive of the vine variety
Later maturity clone
653  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  ENTAV  medium  low  medium to high  
 1980  Sud-Ouest  low to medium  medium to high  medium  
   low to medium      Distinctive wines of the vine variety
Susceptible to shot berries
921  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1988  Sud-Ouest  medium  medium  medium  
 0.19 ha  medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
922  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  ENTAV  medium  medium to high  low to medium  
 1988  Sud-Ouest  medium to high  medium  medium  
   high      fine wines, distinctive of the vine variety
Later maturity clone