Arbane B
Name of vine variety in France
Arbane
Origin
This variety from the north east of France is seemingly from Aube.
Synonymy
No synonym is officially recognized in France, nor in other countries in the European Union.
Regulations
In France, Arbane B is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".
Use
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1979 1988 2016
ha 2 4 2 6.2
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tip of the young shoot has a moderate to heavy coat of flat-lying hairs,
- the young leaves are yellow with bronze patches,
- adult leaves are small, 5 or 7-lobed with an open U-shaped petiolar sinus, low anthocyanin pigmentation of veins; smooth leaf blade slightly folded at the petiolar point and the underside with a moderate coat of upright hairs, 
- round-shaped or short elliptical shaed berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 182 188 240 240 235 251
Allel 2 141 236 257 182 194 260 254 253 255
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period II, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Arbane B is a vigorous variety and has a long growing cycle: early bud burst and a fairly late grape maturity. In northrn regions, this variety must be grown in the best exposed areas. Arbane B produces very limited yields.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
This variety is fairly sensitive to diseases, particularly to downy mildew.
Technological potential
Grape clusters and berries are very small. Arbane B produces quality dry, lively and scented white wines. The sugar accumulation potential is high while maintaining good acidity.
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Arbane B clone carries the number 1178. Surveys have recently been carried out in vineyards in the north east. A conservatory of twenty or so clones was planted in 2003 in Champagne.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1901-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1178  Champagne  CIVC - IFV        
 2012          
         distinctive wines of the vine variety