Aramon N
Name of vine variety in France
Aramon
Origin
This vine variety from the Languedoc is, based on published genetic analyses, probably a descendant of Gouais B.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in other countries in the European Union.
Regulations
In France, Aramon N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".
This variety is likewise listed in other European Union member country catalogues:
Cyprus and Portugal.
Use
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2016
ha 150230 124052 63487 34666 11943 4429 1193
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tip of the young shoot has a heavy to very heavy coat of flat-lying hairs with anthocyanin pigmentation on the edges, 
- the young leaves are green with bronze patches,
- adult leaves are 3-lobed with a V-shaped open petiolar sinus; short teeth, long compared to width at base, striaght sides or with one side concave and one convex, involuted leaf blade,
- round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 232 239 178 188 240 240 227 249
Allel 2 141 232 243 191 196 260 254 259 249
Phenology
Bud burst: 3 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period III, 4 and 1/2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Aramon N is a very fertile vine variety with trailing branches. It must be short pruned. In hot climates and too fertile soils, it sometimes bcaomes depleted. It is sometimes susceptible to shriveling.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Aramon N is not very susceptible to powdery mildew but can be more affected by downy mildew and excoriosis. It is also very sensitive to mites.
Technological potential
The grape clusters are large and the berries very large. This variety is very productive and generally produces not very characteristic products while lacking color. Sugar accumulation potential in berries is low.
Clonal selection in France
The 5 approved Aramon N clones carry the numbers 204, 323, 324, 325 and 401.
A conservatory containing close to 80 clones was planted in  1997 in Aude.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1901-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
204  Hérault  ENTAV        
 1973          
         distinctive wines of the vine variety
High production level
323  Aude  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1975  Languedoc  medium    medium  
         distinctive wines of the variety
324  Aude  ENTAV  high  medium to high  medium  
 1975  Languedoc  medium    medium  
         distinctive wines of the vine variety
325  Aude  ENTAV  medium  high  medium  
 1975  Languedoc  high    medium  
         distinctive wines of the vine variety
401  Aude  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1975  Languedoc  medium    medium  
         distinctive wines of the vine variety