Alvarinho B
Name of vine variety in France
Alvarinho
Origin
This variety is originally from the west coast of the Iberian Peninsula.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France for this variety. In the European Union, Alvarinho can be officially designatd by other names: Albariño (Spain) and Albarina (Malta).
Regulations
In France, Alvarinho is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Malta, Portugal and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
2018
ha 42
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density pf prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves,
- the shoots with long red or red-striped internodes,
- the entire, circular adult leaves, with slightly revolute edges, an open U-shaped petiole sinus, small teeth with straight or convex sides, no or a weak anthocynanin coloration of veins, a slightly blistered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low to medium density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries with a significant bloom.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 133 219 239 186 186 248 238 233 239
Allel 2 149 229 239 186 204 252 254 235 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 2 days before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Alvarinho is a moderately vigorous variety with a horizontal bearing, and must be carefully trellised. It is not very productive and it requires long pruning. It is adapted to acidic, granite, and sandy soils.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Alvarinho is not very susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potential
Alvarinho's bunches are small and the berries small to medium in sized. The sugar potential is average and this variety iproduces appreciated, aromatic (apricot, mint, etc.) and fine wines with a good acidity.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Alvarinho clone carries the number 1143.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1143  Portugal  IFV  medium to high  medium  medium  
 2010  Languedoc  medium    medium  
   medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety