Alvarinho B
Name of vine variety in France
Alvarinho
Origin
This variety is originally from the west coast of the Iberian Peninsula.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France.In the European Union, Alvarinho B can be officially designatd by other names: Albariño (Spain) and Albarina (Malta).
Regulations
In France, Alvarinho B is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".This variety is likewise listed in the Catalogues of other European Union member states: Spain, Malta and Portugal.
Use
Wine grape variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
2016
ha 38
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tips of the young shoots are densely covered with flat-lying hairs,
- young leaves are yellow,
- herbaceous shoots with long red Internodes or with with red striations,
- obicular adult leaves, slightly revolute edges with an open U-shaped petiolar sinus, small teeth with straight or convex sides, slight or no anthocynanin coloration of veins, the leaf blade is slightly bubbled and the underside has a sparse or medium coat of flat-lying hairs.
- round-shaped berries with substantial presence of bloom
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 133 219 239 186 186 248 238 233 239
Allel 2 149 229 239 186 204 252 254 235 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 2 days before Chasselas.Grape maturity: period II, 3 weeks after Chasselas
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Alvarinho B is a moderately vigorous variety with a horizontal port which must be carefully trellised. It is not very productive and it requires long pruning. It is adapted to acidic, granite, and sandy soils.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Alvarinho B is somewhat susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potential
Alvarinho B grape clusters are small and the berries small to medium sized. The sugar potential is average and this variety is used to produce appreciated and aromatic (apricot, mint, etc.) wines, and fine wines with good acidity.
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Alvarinho B clone carries the number 1143
Bibliographic references
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages. P. Galet, 2000, Ed. Hachette, Paris.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1901-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1143  Portugal  IFV  medium to high  medium  medium  
 2010  Languedoc  medium    medium  
   medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety