Altesse B
Name of vine variety in France
Altesse
Origin
Altesse is a native variety from the Savoie region.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Altesse is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of Cyprus.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 175 206 129 175 294 348 408
Description
The identification is based on:
- the young leaves that are very bronzed,
- the small adult leaves, with three lobes, an open U-shaped petiole sinus, long teeth compared to their width at the base with convex sides, a slightly involute, leaf blade, curly on the edges, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low to medium density of prostrate hairs and a moderate density of erect hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 247 186 194 246 240 243 255
Allel 2 149 234 253 188 204 252 266 257 271
Phenology
Bud burst: same as Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety can be pruned short (head trained) or in cordon de Royat and simple Guyot. Altesse produces best results on well exposed clay-limestone scree, gravelly soil (fairly luminous micro-climates, slopes).
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
This delicate variety is very sensitive to downy mildew, phomopsis, rust mites and to powdery mildew. It is also very susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potential
The bunches are small to medium in sized and the berries are small. This variety has a good qualitative potential. It produces generous, full-bodied wine, rich in aromas, elegant and delicate, with ageing capacity.
Clonal selection in France
The three certified Altesse clones carry the numbers 265, 403 and 404. A conservatory of ten or so clones was planted in the French department of Savoie in 2014.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
265  Savoie  ENTAV  medium to high  medium  high  
 1973    medium    medium  
     medium  medium  makes wines with ageing potential and a beautiful complexity of aromas
403  Savoie  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  high  
 1976  Savoie  medium    medium  
 0.27 ha    medium  medium to high  makes wines with ageing potential and a beautiful complexity of aromas
404  Savoie  ENTAV  medium  medium  high  
 1976  Savoie  medium    medium  
 0.59    medium  medium to high  makes wines with ageing potential and a beautiful complexity of aromas