Altesse B
Name of vine variety in France
Altesse
Origin
Altesse B is a native vine variety from Savoie.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in other countries in the European Union.
Regulations
In France, Altesse B is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties". This variety is likewise listed in the Catalogue of Cyprus.
Use
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2016
ha 175 206 129 175 294 348 398
Description
Identification signs include:
- very bronze young leaves,
- small adult leaves, with 3-lobes and an open U-shaped petiolar sinus, long teeth compared to width at base with convex sides, slightly involute leaf blade and the lower side with a sparse to moderate density of prostrate hairs and a moderate density of upright hairs,
- round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 247 186 194 246 240 243 255
Allel 2 149 234 253 188 204 252 266 257 271
Phenology
Bud burst: identical to Chasselas. Grape maturity: period II, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety can be short goblet pruned or in cordon Royat and simple Guyot. Altesse B produces best results on a well exposed clay limestone scree, gravelly soil (fairly luminous micro-climates, slopes).
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
This delicate vine variety is very sensitive to downy mildew, excoriosis, acariosis and to powdery mildew. There is likewise a high risk to grey rot.
Technological potential
The grape clusters are small to moderate sized and the berries are small.The qualitative potential of this vine variety is substantial.  This variety produces generous, full-bodied wine, rich in aromas, elegant and at the same time delicate with ageing capacity.
Clonal selection in France
The 3 approved Altesse B clones carry the numbers 265, 403 and 404.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1901-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
265  Savoie  ENTAV  medium to high  medium  high  
 1973    medium    medium  
     medium  medium  makes wines with ageing potential and a beautiful complexity of aromas
403  Savoie  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  high  
 1976  Savoie  medium    medium  
 0.27 ha    medium  medium to high  makes wines with ageing potential and a beautiful complexity of aromas
404  Savoie  ENTAV  medium  medium  high  
 1976  Savoie  medium    medium  
 0.59    medium  medium to high  makes wines with ageing potential and a beautiful complexity of aromas