Alphonse Lavallée N
Name of vine variety in France
Alphonse Lavallée
Origin
This variety of unknown origin was developed starting from the second half of the 19th century. Based on published genetic analysis, it would result from a crossbreeding of Gros Colman and Muscat de Hambourg.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Alphonse Lavallée is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list. It is classified as a wine grape variety only in some French department (see the regulations in force). This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Austria, Bulgaria, Spain, Italy and Portugal.
Use
Wine and table grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 2045 4550 5255 3534 1544 938 652
Surfaces declared as table grapes.
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs,
- the young leaves that are yellow with very bronze spots or reddish,
- the large circular or wedge-shaped adult leaves, with five lobes, shallow lower lateral sinuses, a slightly open U-shaped or with slightly overlapping lobes petiole sinus, long teeth compared to their width at the base with convex or straight sides, medium anthocyanin coloration of veins, an involute, blistered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the berries that are round, with sometimes an irregular cross section.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 249 182 186 240 238 243 251
Allel 2 133 236 255 182 204 252 254 243 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 6 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This vigorous and productive variety, has a horizontal or drooping bearing and is generally pruned short. It can however be trained and long pruned. Alphonse Lavallée is essentially used for the production of table grapes.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Alphonse Lavallée is fairly susceptible to powdery mildew and phomopsis. In the absence of berry bursting, Alphonse Lavallée's clusters are not very sensitive to grey rot since they are loose.
Technological potential
The bunches are medium to large and the berries are very large. The skin is thick and crispy. The pulp is firm and juicy. When cultivated as table grapes, this slightly aromatic variety has very good aptitude for storage and travels well. When vinify, Alphonse Lavallée makes common and ordinary wine, with moderate color, medium alcohol levels and not very acidic.
Clonal selection in France
The three certified Alphonse Lavallée clones carry the numbers 319, 797 and 798. These different clones are mainly used for the production of table grapes.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
319  Non précisée  ENTAV        
 1974          
         
Small distribution clone, few available references
797  Non précisée  INRA        
 1985          
         
Small distribution clone, few available references
798  Non précisée  INRA        
 1985          
         
Small distribution clone, few available references