Aligoté B
Name of vine variety in France
Aligoté
Origin
Based on published genetic studies, this vine variety grown in Bourgogne (Burgundy) results from the crossbreeding of Pinot and Gouais B varieties.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in other countries in the European Union. 
Regulations
In France, Aligoté B is officially listed in the "Catalogue of Vine varieties".This variety is likewise listed in the Catalogues of other European Union member states: Bulgaria, Cyprus, Romania and the Czech Republic.
Use
Wine grape variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2016
ha 1883 1753 1188 1276 1724 1897 1969
Description
Identification signs include:
- young leaves are green with bronze patches,
- herbaceous shoots with red Internodes,
- full adult leaves with V-shaped or slightly open petiolar sinus, average length teeth compared to the base, straight sides, high anthocyanin pigmentation of veins, revolute leaf blade. The underside of the the leaf is sparsely covered with flat-lying hairs and erect hairs.
- round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 225 239 176 194 244 238 227 239
Allel 2 135 238 239 186 196 246 238 235 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 2 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period I, 1 1/2 weeks after Chasselas
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Aligoté B is a fertile variety adapted to northern areas. It is frequently affected by millerandage.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
This vine variety is not very prone to powdery mildew, but somewhat susceptible to downy mildew and grey rot.
Technological potential
The clusters and the berries are small. Aligoté B wines are lively, not suitable for ageing. Depending on the terroir, the vintage and the  production level, they are more or less aromatic and can display a particular typicality.
Clonal selection in France
The seven approved Aligoté B clones carry the numbers 263, 264, 402, 651, 920, 935 and 936. A conservatory with 20 clones was planted in Saône-et-Loire in 1991.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1901-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
263  Côte-d'Or  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium to high  
 1973    low      
 1,13 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Susceptible to millerandage
264  Côte-d'Or  ENTAV  medium  medium  high  
 1973  Bourgogne  medium      
 1,81 ha        well balanced wines, distinctive of the vine variety
Susceptible to millerandage
402  Côte-d'Or  ENTAV  medium  high  low  
 1976  Bourgogne  high      
     high    distinctive wines of the vine variety
Productive clone
651  Côte-d'Or  ENTAV  medium  medium  high  
 1980  Bourgogne  medium      
 1,92 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety, balanced with fine aromas
Clone appreciated for its steady production, its high richness in sugar and the quality of wines produced
920  Saône-et-Loire  ENTAV    high    
 1988  Bourgogne        
 0,01 ha        distinctive white of the vine variety
productive clone
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
935  Saône-et-Loire  ENTAV        
 1988  Bourgogne        
         
Small distribution clone
936  Saône-et-Loire  ENTAV        
 1988  Bourgogne        
         
Small distribution clone