Alicante Henri Bouschet N
Name of vine variety in France
Alicante Henri Bouschet
Origin
This variety was obtained by Louis and Henri Bouschet in 1855 at Mauguio (Hérault) by crossbreeding Grenache N with Petit Bouschet N (Aramon X Teinturier du Cher).
Synonymy
In France, this variety may officially be called "Alicante Bouschet N" concerning plant propagating material.In the European Union, Alicante Henri Bouschet N can officially be designated by other names: Alikant bushe (Bulgaria), Garnacha tintorera (Spain) and Negral (Spain).
Regulations
In France, Alicante Henri Bouschet N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of Vine Varieties".This variety is likewise listed in Catalogues in other European Union member states: Bulgaria, Cyprus,  Spain, Greece, Italy and Portugal.
Use
Wine grape variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2016
ha 24168 20563 21996 15769 9393 7104 2542
Description
Identification signs include:
- tips of its young shoots are densely covered with flat lying hairs with anthocynanin pigmentation on edges.
- young leaves are green with bronze patches,
- herbaceous shoots with Internodes with red striations,
- full adult leaves with medium vein anthocyanin pigmentation, revolute leaf blade, shiny, smooth with the anthocyanin pigmentation becoming intense in autumn and on the underside of the leaf, medium to densely covered with flat-lying hairs,
- rounded shaped berries with colored pulp,
- vine shoots are generally yellow color.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 178 188 244 240 243 249
Allel 2 143 236 243 191 188 258 240 259 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 4 days after Chasselas.Grape maturity: II period, 2 1/2 weeks to 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This vine variety is quite vigorous but must be pruned short because it tends to become depleted. It is likewise sensitive to wind.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Alicante Henri Bouschet N is not very sensitive to powdery mildew. On the other hand, it is highly prone to downy mildew, phomopsis and flavescence dorée and quite susceptible to bacterial necrosis. It is likewise susceptible to wood disease. 
Technological potential
The clusters are medium to large and the berries are medium size. This coloring vine variety is essentially used for its color input. Wines obtained are rather fleshy, oftentimes flat and lack finesse and elegance.
Clonal selection in France
The four approved Alicante Henri Bouschet N clones carry the numbers 540, 803, 804 and 805.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1901-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
540  Gard  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  medium  
 1978    medium    medium  
 0,05 ha  medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
803  Hérault  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1985  Languedoc, domaine de l'Espiguette  medium    medium  
 3,30 ha  medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
804  Hérault  ENTAV  medium to high  medium to high  medium  
 1985  Languedoc, domaine de l'Espiguette  medium    medium  
 0,60 ha  medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
805  Hérault  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1985  Languedoc, domaine de l'Espiguette  medium    medium  
 0,87 ha  medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety