Aléatico N
Name of vine variety in France
Aléatico
Origin
This variety has been found in Corsica for a long time and would seemingly be from Italy (Tuscany).
Synonymy
In France, this variety can officially be called "Aleaticu" regarding plant propagation material. There is no officially recognized synoym in the other countries of the European Union.
Regulations
In France, Aléatico is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Italy and Malta.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 42 25 30 14 20
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a low to medium density of prostate hairs,
- the bronzed and reddish young leaves,
- the adult leaves with three or five lobes, a barely open petiole sinus, long teeth with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration, and on the lower side of the leaves, no or very low density of erect hairs and a very low density of prostate hairs,
- the round or obloid berries, slightly muscat flavored with a blue black or red black skin when ripe.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 176 186 250 248 235 263
Allel 2 133 225 249 191 196 256 254 245 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 2 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is fairly fertile and has good vigor. It has an erect bearing and can be short pruned. It is recommended for hot and dry terrain.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Aléatico is very sensitive to powdery mildew, grey rot and sour rot.
Technological potential
The bunches and berries are medium in size. This variety with mucat aromas, has good accumulation potential of sugars in the berries and satisfactory titrable acidity. It gives bright, shiny but not very intense in color wines. It seems well adapted for making natural sweet wines. The muscat flavor is often slight and sometimes fleeting.
Clonal selection in France
The seven certified Aléatico clones carry the numbers 802, 859, 860, 861, 892, 893 and 894.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
- Les cépages insulaires ou le Riacquistu des Cépages Corses. CRVI de Corse, 2016, San Giuliano, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
802  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV  medium  high  medium  
 1985  Corse-du-Sud  high  medium    
   medium      
859  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV        
 1986  Corse-du-Sud        
         
Small distribution clone conforms with vine variety characteristics. Study underway.
860  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV        
 1986  Corse-du-Sud        
         
Small distribution clone conforms with vine variety characteristics. Study underway.
861  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV        
 1986  Corse-du-Sud        
         
Small distribution clone conforms with vine variety characteristics. Study underway.
892  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV        
 1987  Corse-du-Sud        
         
Small distribution clone conforms with vine variety characteristics. Study underway.
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
893  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV        
 1987  Corse-du-Sud        
         
Small distribution clone conforms with vine variety characteristics. Study underway.
894  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV        
 1987  Corse-du-Sud        
         
Small distribution clone conforms with vine variety characteristics. Study underway.