Abouriou N
Name of vine variety in France
Abouriou
Origin
This variety is probably originally from the Lot-et-Garonne (the area around Villeréal). It was reported at the end of the 19th century by Numa Naugé.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in other countries in the European Union.
Regulations
In France, Abouriou N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".
Use
Wine vine variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2016
ha 0.5 898 369 539 488 474 314
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tip of the young shoot has a heavy coat of flat-lying hairs with à anthocyanin pigmentation on the borders,
- the young leaves are green with bronze patches,
- adult leaves are orbicular, 5-lobed with a fairly deep lateral sinuses, open lyre-shaped petiolar sinus, moderate length teeth, straight sides, absence of anthocyanin pigmentation, a bubbled and jagged leaf blade and the underside with a sparse coat of upright and flat-lying hairs.
- berries are round shaped or slightly elliptical.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 234 247 178 194 252 240 233 239
Allel 2 149 234 247 182 204 260 248 243 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day after Chasselas.Grape maturity: period I, 1 week after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Due to its earliness, its fertility (possibility of short pruning) and its moderate vigor, this variety appears well adapted to difficult and marginal climatic conditions.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Abouriou N is not very susceptible to diseases and resists fairly well to grey rot.
Technological potential
The grape clusters and the berries are moderate size. This variety produces very colorful, full-bodied, rather tannic but lacking in acidity wines.
Clonal selection in France
The two approved Abouriou N clones carry the numbers 603 and 604. A conservatory of 50 or so clones was planted in 2006 in Lot-et-Garonne.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
603  Lot-et-Garonne  ENTAV        
 1979  Tarn-et-Garonne        
 0,35 ha        
Small distribution clone conforms with average vine variety type. No significant differences within the collection.
604  Lot-et-Garonne  ENTAV        
 1979  Tarn-et-Garonne        
 0,36 ha        
Small distribution clone conforms with average vine variety type. No significant differences within the collection.